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Flashcards in Infectious Disease 1 Deck (21)
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1

What is the continual struggle with infectious disease?

keeping antibiotics ahead of mutations

2

antibiotics in the 1950s-1980s: These drugs helped limit damage from bacterial infections

- sulfa drugs
- penicillins
- antibiotics

3

examples of immunizations

- measles
- mumps
- rubella
- poliomyelitis

4

What are some of the new infectious agents brought about in the 1970s and 1980s?

- legionella
- HIV
- antibiotic-resistant organisms
- avian flu
- ebola

5

Microbes are suspect in predisposition to these chronic disorders

- heart disease
- mental illness (Alzheimer's, dementia)
- some autoimmune disorders

6

What are some common nosocomial and community pathogens?

- MRSA
- VRE
- multidrug resistant TB
- C-diff

7

What are some of the s/s of infectious disease?

- abscess
- skin lesions
- joint effusion
- inflamed lymph nodes
- red streaks

8

What do red streaks indicate?

blood poisoning

9

What is the 102˚F rule?

conditions in which fever does or does not exceed 102

10

102˚F rule:

Some people with serious infections may not develop an initial fever, but may have these s/s:

- tachypnea
- confusion
- hypotensive

11

What is tachypnea?

SOB

12

What should you do if a pt is hypotensive?

assess to see if it's positional or not

13

102˚F and aging adults

- impaired thermoregulatory system may mask fever
- temp of 99-100 may be sufficient to cause alarm

14

How does an abscess form?

- leukocytes wall off invader and form granuloma
- necrosis progresses
- abscess deepens

15

How does an internal abscess present?

- pain
- limp
- lump

16

Types of internal abscesses

- abdominal abscess
- pelvic inflammatory disease
- TB of the spine

17

abscess with TB of the spin

location and presentation

- between posterior peritoneum and psoas/iliac fascia
- presents as hip pain

18

Skin lesions that may occur with infectious disease

- rash
- macropapular eruptions
- vesiculobulbous eruptions
- petechial or purpuric eruptions

19

macropapular eruptions (associated dz)

measles, mumps

20

vesiculobulbous eruptions (associated dz)

herpes zoster

21

petechial or purpuric eruptions (associated dz)

Epstein-Barr

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