Lab Values 1 Flashcards Preview

8501 Clin Med > Lab Values 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Values 1 Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is a reference range?

interval between and including lower and upper value limits for 95% of a selected population

2

Significance of a reference range

allows you to evaluate patient's results by looking at the range

3

What is the critical value?

- need for immediate medical interpretation
- usually set by the provider or facility

4

What should you do if a patient has the critical value for a lab?

- do not pass go!
- tell the doc!

5

Hgb =

hemoglobin

6

What level of hemoglobin (Hgb) may be grounds for bedrest?

6

7

General acceptable range of Hg (men)

13-15 g/dL

8

General acceptable range of Hg (women)

12-14 g/dL

9

General acceptable ranges of oxygen levels: normal

95-99%

10

If oxygen level is lower than 90%, what should you do?

proceed with caution

11

Low RBC count suggests:

anemia

12

What do we use to determine anemia?

- hemoglobin
- hematocrit

13

Low hemoglobin can produce signs in these organs

- brain
- heart
- kidneys

14

low hemoglobin: brain

- dizziness
- lightheadedness
- presyncope
- syncope
- signs of TIA/CVA

15

low hemoglobin: heart signs

- angina
- MI
- sudden or slow onset of CHF
- arrhythmias

16

low hemoglobin: kidneys

- low urine output
- increased creatinine and BUN
- potential fluid retention

17

s/s of hypoxia: If Hgb is less than 9 g/dL for these patients, they will need to be monitored closely

underlying disease
- cerebrovascular
- cardiac
- renal

18

penicillin aka

Zosyn

19

aspirin =

ASA

20

What is clindamycin often used for?

antibiotic used for skin and vaginal infections

21

This med has a black box warning for c-diff

clindamycin

Decks in 8501 Clin Med Class (102):