Misc Leftover Info Flashcards Preview

8501 Clin Med > Misc Leftover Info > Flashcards

Flashcards in Misc Leftover Info Deck (14):
1

Common goal for anti-seizure meds

Suppress excitability of neurons that are causing seizures

2

Many anti-seizure drugs are sedating, especially these

First generation

3

Most anti-seizure drugs have these sedating side effects

- sleepiness
- fatigue
- lethargy

4

Which drug is often used to stop severe, uncontrolled seizures

Nembutal

**when other drugs are ineffective**

5

Which anti-seizure meds are also used to treat bipolar disorder?

Valproates

6

Why are second gen drugs generally more favorable?

Better
- absorption
- distribution
- metabolism

7

Anti-seizure meds: therapy scheduling

Should be about an hour after a dose

8

Pregnancy precautions for anti-seizure meds

Risks of congenital malformations increased

9

Withdrawal from anti-seizure meds: seizure free afterwards

60-70% can be free of seizures after meds withdrawn

10

Criteria for withdrawing from seizure meds

- free of seizures for at least 2 years on meds
- good control of seizures within first year after seizures start
- normal neuro exam prior to withdrawal
- initial onset of seizures during childhood

11

How should a pt be taken off seizure meds?

Tapered off over 3-6 months

12

Special concerns for rehab pts who have seizures

- maintaining drug dosage within therapeutic window
- understand that seizures can be triggered by environmental factors

13

Why do you get a drug hangover the next day?

Drugs are lipid soluble and stay in the system for longer

14

Barbiturates are mostly used in _______ situations

Controlled

Decks in 8501 Clin Med Class (102):