Anxiety Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (35):
1

who suffers more from anxiety d/o?

women

2

what are sxs of anxiety?

fear
h/a
sweating
palpitations
tight chest
stomach ache
restlessness

3

what is the difference between fear and anxiety?

fear is response to a known threat
anxiety is response to an unknown threat

4

what physiology causes anxiety?

overexpression of norepinephrine
inc release of cortisol and HPA axis
possibly serotonin meds

5

what meds are effective in treating anxiety?

GABA agonists (SSRIs and benzos)

6

what is panic disorder?

acute panic attacks accompanied by feelings of impending doom

7

when does panic d/o most commonly develop?

early adulthood (age 25)

8

what factors contribute to likelihood of developing a panic disorder?

genetics (brain chemistry + structural changes)
may be learned behavior from parents

9

how long do panic attacks last?

ramp up of 10 min, lasts for 20-30 min-1hr

10

what determines dx of panic disorder?

recurrent panic attacks PLUS
-fear of additional attacks
-worry about how going crazy
-life changes as a result of the panic attacks

11

what is the ddx for panic attacks?

endocrine abn
hypoglycemia
cardiac conditions
pulmonary conditions
social phobia
generalized phobia

12

what is a preferred therapeutic txment for PD?

cognitive-behavioral therapy

13

what is the MOST COMMON mental disorder for women?

phobias

14

what is the preferred txment approach of phobias?

behavior txment
exposure (desensitization, in vivo, flooding)
benzos may be prescribed

15

what is social phobia?

strong, persisting fear of situations in which embarrassment can occur

16

when is the peak age of onset of social phobia?

teen years

17

which neurotransmitters may be involved in social phobia?

norepinephrine
dopamine

18

how do you treat social phobia?

CBT PLUS meds

19

what is OCD?

intrusive, obsessive thoughts as well as ritualistic compulsive behaviors that cause distress

20

which is the most common comorbidity with OCD?

tourrette's

21

what is the preferred txment for OCD?

CBT

22

what is agoraphobia?

fear of open spaces

23

what is PTSD?

sxs that develop after exposure to a traumatic life event
fear and helplessness
hypervigilance
reliving the event
avoidance

24

how long do sxs have to be present in order to dx PTSD?

one month

25

what population is most affected by PTSD?

young adults

26

how does PTSD manifest in children?

repetitive dreams/nightmares

27

what is commonly used to treat PTSD?

antidepressants
processing the event, relaxation techniques, coping mechanisms

28

what is generalized anxiety disorder?

excessive, free-floating anxiety and worry about many events or activities

29

when is typical onset of GAD?

late adolescence or early adulthood

30

which medications are commonly prescribed for GAD?

SSRIs and Benzos

31

what are the other forms of anxiety?

anxiety due to a general medical condition
substance-induced anxiety disorder
anxiety disorder NOS
mixed anxiety-depressive d/o

32

what is a good way for pts to think about PTSD?

it is a normal reaction to an abnormal set of circumstances

33

what is a good therapy for cognitive distortions?

CBT

34

what is a key red flag for GAD?

they don't remember a time when they haven't worried as much as they do

35

which substance is most commonly abused with anxiety disorders?

alcohol

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