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Flashcards in Hypertension Deck (24):
1

Pulse pressure definition

Systolic BP-Diastolic BP

2

Pulse pressure values

normal 30-40
widened >40
narrowed <30

3

Widened pulse pressure (indicates)

aortic regurg
patent ductus arteriosis (heart defect)
AV fistula
beriberi hearth (nutritional)
severe anemia
isolated systolic hypertension (lasts a short time)
thyrotoxicosis
aortic coarctation
emotional state

4

Narrowed pulse pressure (indicates)

tachycardia
ascites (liver fluid in the belly)
pericardial effusion (fluid surrounding the heart)
severe aortic stenosis
constrictive pericarditis

5

HTN is the modifiable risk factor for...

Coronary heart disease
stroke
heart failure
end-stage renal disease
peripheral vascular disease

6

What are the complications of the CNS due to HTN?

intracerebral hemorrhage
lacunar infarcts
encephalopathy
thrombotic stroke
transient ischemic attack

7

What are the ophthalmologic complications due to HTN?

papilledema (swelling of the optic nerve)
exudates
fundal hemorrhage

8

What are the cardiac complications due to HTM?

LVH (left ventricular hypertrophy)
heart failure
angina pectoris (chest pain)
MI

9

What are the vascular complications due to HTN?

aortic dissection (lining of the aorta separates)
diffuse atherosclerosis (poor circulation)

10

What are the renal complications due to HTN?

nephrosclerosis
renal artery stenosis (2ndary HTN is caused by this)

11

aortic coarctation will cause

widened pulse pressure

12

aortic regurg will cause

widened pulse pressure

13

beri beri heart will cause

widened pulse pressure

14

severe anemia will cause

widened pulse pressure AND
large, bounding pulse AND
clubbing

15

thyrotoxicosis will cause

widened pulse pressure

16

altered emotional state will cause

widened pulse pressure

17

aortic stenosis will cause

narrowed pulse pressure AND
small, weak pulses

18

PDA will cause

widened pulse pressure AND
large, bounding pulse

19

barrel chest is associated with

emphysema and men

20

obesity is a risk factor for

DM
heart disease
stroke
HTN
osteoarthritis
some cancers

21

pericardial effusion will cause

narrowed pulse pressure

22

arteriosclerosis

loss of elasticity of large and medium size arteries

23

atherosclerosis

hardening of arteries caused by build up of fatty acids in arteries-causes peripheral arterial disease

24

auscultatory gap may indicate

carotid atherosclerosis or
arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients

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