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Flashcards in Hip Anatomy Deck (54):
1

how many degrees of freedom does the hip joint have?

3

2

what bones make up the acetabulum?

ileum
ishium
pubis

3

what part of the acetabulum is covered with hyaline cartilage?

only a horseshoe-shaped portion (where the labrum is not)

4

what is the center edge of the acetabulum?

a line connecting the lateral rim of acetabulum and the center of the femoral head 35-38 degrees

5

what happens with the CE angle is smaller?

coverage of the head decreases and there is a higher risk of superior dislocation

6

what is the most common type of hip dislocation?

congenital (CE malalignment)

7

what kind of baby is more likely to have hip problems?

breach babies

8

what is anteversion?

the magnitude of the anterior orientation

9

what is the risk of having anteversion?

increase risk of anterior dislocation

10

what is the primary flexor of the hip?

iliopsoas muscle

11

where is the true pelvis located?

contained in the sacral-pelvic region

12

what main feature differentiates female from male pelvis?

women have a softer sciatic notch

13

what is the positioning of the femur?

head faces medially, superiorly and anteriorly

14

what is it called when you decrease the angle of inclination (<125)?

coxa vara (goes outward)

15

what is it called when you increase the angle of inclination (>125)?

coxa valga (goes inward)

16

when can you best view the angle of torsion?

when looking down at the length of the femur

17

what does the angle of torsion do with age?

decreases, starts at 40 deg as and infant and decreases to 15 degrees as an adult

18

how does excessive anteversion present in the clinic?

intoeing gate

19

in what position does the hip joint fit together best?

frog-leg position

20

does the hip joint capsule include the trochanter?

no

21

what is the zona orbicularis?

collar of deep circular fibers of the hip joint

22

which ligament provides blood vessels to the head of the femur?

ligamentum teres

23

which is the strongest ligament of the hip?

ileofemoral ligament
-fan shaped
-inverted Y
-anterior
-prevents hyperextension

24

what ligaments form the anterior support for the hip?

ileofemoral
pubofemoral

25

which ligament forms the posterior aspect of the hip joint?

ischiofemoral

26

what limits hip adduction?

tensor fascia lata (iliotibial band)

27

what is anterior pelvic tilt called?

flexion of the hip

28

what is posterior pelvic tilt called?

extension

29

what is it called when you move the pelvis out and down?

abduction

30

what is ti called when you move the pelvis up and in?

adduction

31

which muscle keeps the opposite pelvis level during gate?

gluteus medius (originates on ilium and inserts on greater trochanter)-causes abduction in open chain

32

what happens in gluteus medius weakness?

every time you step on the leg with the weakness (left), the opposite hip drops (right)

33

when do the hip muscles work best?

in the middle of their contraction range or on slight stretch

34

when do two joint muscles generate the greatest amount of force?

when not required to shorten over both joints simultaneously

35

what is the O/I of iliopsoas?

O: wide from iliac fossa, sacrum, IV discs of T12-L4
I: lesser trochanter of femur

36

what is the O/I of rectus femoris?

two joint muscle
O: AInferior IS
I: tibial tuberosity
_most effective when knee is flexed

37

what is the O/I of sartorius?

O: ASIS
I: upper medial tibia

38

what is the O/I of tensor fascia lata?

O: lateral iliac crest
I: iliotibial tract (band)

39

what might the iliotibial tract be used for?

transplant material

40

what are the hip flexors?

iliopsoas
rectus femoris
tensor fascia lata
sartorius

41

what are the hip adductors?

pectinate
gracilis
adductor brevis/longus/magnus

42

what is the O/I of pectineus?

O: pubis
I: linea aspera

43

what is the O/I of gracilis?

O: symphysis pubis
I: medial tibia

44

what is the O/I of the adductors?

O: inferior ramus of pubis
I: linea aspera

45

what are the hip extensors?

gluteus maximus
ham strings (two joint muscles)

46

what is the O/I of the gluteus maximus?

O: sacrum, post ligaments
I: gluteul tuberosity of femur

47

what is the O/I of the hamstrings?

O: ischial tuberosity
I: head of fibular and lateral tibia (biceps femoris)
I: medial side of the tibia (semitendinosis/membranosus)

48

what are the hip abductors?

gluteus medius
gluteus minimus

49

what is the O/I of the gluteus medius?

O: lateral wing of ileum
I: greater trochanter

50

what is the O/I of the gluteus minimus?

O: outer surface of ilium and sciatic notch
I: greater trochanter

51

which muscles cause external rotation?

PGO-GOQ
obturator internus/externus
gemellus suprerior/inferior
quadratus femoris
piriformis

52

which muscles cause internal rotation?

ant. portion of gluteus medius
tensor fascia lata
adductors

53

which important nerves come off the lumbar plexus?

femoral and obturator

54

which important nerve comes off the sacral plexus?

sciatic

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