Flashcards in CSF Analysis Deck (24):
autoimmune disease of the CNS
MS (demyelinating disorders)
how do you obtain CSF?
lumbar puncture from subarachnoid space
where is the CSF produced?
choroid plexus of the ventricles
what are the roles of CSF?
clears metabolic waste
what could blood in the tap indicate?
subarachnoid hemorrhage will not clot
traumatic tap will clot
what could cloudy CSF mean?
presence of WBC or protein
what could xanthochromia of the CSF mean?
elevated PMNs means
bacterial meningitis or cerebral abscess
what 4 tubes do you send in a CSF analysis?
cell count, cytology
pH, protein, glucose, chloride
common bacterial meningitis causers
common viral meningitis causers
should protein be in CSF?
no, BBB should not allow it to cross
some disease can alter the permeability and allow protein to leak into the CSF
why is glucose important to the brain?
brain doesn't produce or store its own glucose
how do bacteria, inflammatory cells, and tumors impact glucose in CSF?
how do you test CSF glucose?
compare to serum glucose (drawn prior to LP)
should be >60% of serum
how will bacteria and fungal infection impact lactic acid in CSF?
(indicates decreased oxygenation of the brain-anaerobic metabolism)
which tests identify syphilis?
Venereal Disease Research Lab test
Fluorescent Treponamal antibody (most spec and sens)
how is chloride level different in the CSF?
it is higher
what type of white blood cell is normally in the CSF?
what would presence of mononuclear leukocyte indicate?
how will infection or TB affect chloride levels?
how would infection or inflammation impact LD levels?
increase (comes from WBC that are fighting bacteria)
what level might be low when lactic acid level is high?