Musculoskeletal Day 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Day 4 Deck (29):
1

what is the primary flexor muscle of the hip?

iliopsoas mm

2

what is the primary extensor muscle of the hip?

gluteus maximus mm

3

what is the primary adductor muscle of the hip?

adductor mm

4

what are the primary abductor muscles of the hip?

gluteius medius and minimus

5

what are the three bursae that the hip has?

iliopsoas

trochanteric

ischiogluteal (not always present)

6

how might a hip fracture present?

groin pain

7

what are the two phase of gait?

stance (60% of walking cycle)-when the foot bears weight

swinging (40% of walking cycle) when the foot bears no weight

8

when do most gait problems occur?

stance phase

9

what is the normal heel to heel strike of a gait?

2-4 in

10

when should the knee be flexed in a  normal gait?

all the way through stance phase except when heel strikest

11

what would a wide-based gait suggest?

cerebellar dz or foot problem

12

what would a waddling gait indicate?

when there is a pelvic drop

hip dislocation (pediatrics)

arthritis

abductor weakness

13

how would a knee injury with lack of knee flexion present?

interrups smooth pattern of gai

14

leg shortening and external rotation suggest what?

hip fx

15

what is a hip flexion deformity?

affected hip does not allow full leg extensions and the affected thigh appears flexed

16

a pt with OA would have restriction of rotation of what?

the hip (internal and external)

17

what is a positive FABER test?

pain when the person makes a figure 4 with their leg

indicative of hip or SI joint pathology

18

what is the largest joint in the body?

knee joint

-inherently unstable

-load bearing and vulnerable to injury

19

what is genu varum?

bowleggedness

20

what is genu valgum?

knockkneedness

21

what is the largest sesamoid bone in the body?

patella

22

what are the articulations of the knee?

medial and lateral condyle with tibia and patellofemoral jt

23

when would tibial tuberosity be enlarged?

osgood-schalater

-repeated trauma bone grows

24

what is the primary action of the hamstring?

eccentric contraction

25

what are the most commonly torn ligaments of the body?

1.  ankle

2.  knee ligaments (athletic)

26

pulling knee towards you tests which ligament?

anterior cruciate

27

pushing knee away from you tests which ligament?

posterior cruciate

28

when should you check a ligament?

within 15-20 min of injury

-muscle spasms and swelling will be too great

29

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