Musculoskeletal Day 4 Flashcards
what is the primary flexor muscle of the hip?
what is the primary extensor muscle of the hip?
gluteus maximus mm
what is the primary adductor muscle of the hip?
what are the primary abductor muscles of the hip?
gluteius medius and minimus
what are the three bursae that the hip has?
ischiogluteal (not always present)
how might a hip fracture present?
what are the two phase of gait?
stance (60% of walking cycle)-when the foot bears weight
swinging (40% of walking cycle) when the foot bears no weight
when do most gait problems occur?
what is the normal heel to heel strike of a gait?
when should the knee be flexed in a normal gait?
all the way through stance phase except when heel strikest
what would a wide-based gait suggest?
cerebellar dz or foot problem
what would a waddling gait indicate?
when there is a pelvic drop
hip dislocation (pediatrics)
how would a knee injury with lack of knee flexion present?
interrups smooth pattern of gai
leg shortening and external rotation suggest what?
what is a hip flexion deformity?
affected hip does not allow full leg extensions and the affected thigh appears flexed