Vital signs Flashcards Preview

Medicine > Vital signs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vital signs Deck (40):
1

small, weak pulses indicate

hypovolemia
aortic stenosis
cold
CHF

2

large, bounding pulses indicate

fever
anemia
hyperthyroidism
PDA
heart block
atherosclerosis (hardened vessels)

3

pulsus alternans

varies in amplitude from beat to beat
indicates LV failure
associated with S3 (added sound)

4

bigeminal pulse

normal-premature-normal-premature

5

paradoxical pulse

decreases with inspiration
indicates pericardial tamponade (fluid in the pericardium)
obstructive lung disease
constrictive pericarditis (tissue around the heart turns heart)

6

carotid pulse

neck (considered a central pulse)

7

radial pulse

proximal to thumb ventral wrist

8

brachial pulse

antecubital fossa, medial to biceps tendon

9

femoral pulse

in groin, just medial to quadriceps

10

popliteal pulse

middle of popliteal fossa, knee flexed 30 degrees

11

posterior tibial pulse

posterior to medial malleolus in ankle (diminished in peripheral vascualr disease)

12

dorsalis pedis pulse

dorsal foot, lateral extensor hallucis longus (diminished in peripheral vascular disease)

13

normal adult pulse

60-100

14

normal newborn pulse

120-170

15

normal 1 yr old pulse

80-160

16

normal 3 yr old pulse

80-120

17

normal 6 yr old pulse

75-115

18

normal 10 yr old pulse

70-110

19

normal adult RR

12-20

20

normal newborn RR

30-80

21

normal 1 yr old RR

20-40

22

normal 3 yr old RR

20-30

23

normal 6 yr old RR

16-22

24

bradypnea

rate under 12, coma, medications, deep sleep

25

tachypnea

rate over 20, anxiety, heart or lung disease, pain, fever

26

hyperpnea

rate over 20 and deep, exercise, anxiety, metabolic acidosis

27

sighing

normal if occasional, anxiety if frequent

28

cheyne-stokes (agnol breathing)

rapid, staggering breaths, drugs, CNS damage

29

Kussmaul

rapid, deep, labored, usually seen in diabetic ketoacidosis (hard experitory effort)

30

stridor

harsh, high-pitched inspiration !!!airway obstruction

31

normal day time temperature

37 C (98.6 F)

32

normal early AM temp

35.8 C (96.4 F)

33

normal late PM temp

37.3 C (99.1 F)

34

pyrexia

fever
greater than 38 C (100.5 F)

35

causes of pyrexia

excessive heat exposure and heat stroke
elevation of the hypothalamic thermoregulatory set point

36

hyperpyrexia

extreme elevation in temperature ( >41.1 C or 106 F)

37

hypothermia

extreme low temp (<35 C or 95F) rectally

38

normal capillary refill

< 3 seconds

39

abnormal capillary refill indicates

peripheral vascular disease
arterial blockage
heart failure
hypoperfusion
shock

40

normal pulse ox

>96%

Decks in Medicine Class (146):