Musculoskeletal Day 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Day 5 Deck (32):
1

where are the menisci palpable?

joint line medially and laterally

2

where does the synovial cavity lie?

6cm above the upper border of patella in the supra patellar pouch

3

what is the largest joint cavity in the body?

knee joint cavity

4

when can you palpate the synovial cavity of the knee?

when it is swollen, inflamed or effused

5

where is prepatellar bursa?

lies b/w patella and overlying skin

6

where is the anserine bursa?

1-2 in below knee joint medially -under overlying tendons

7

where is the semimembranosus bursa?

large bursa that communicates with joint cavity
located on posterior and medial surfaces of the knee

8

a non-contact injury with a pop might indicated

ACL tear

9

contact injury with a pop might indicate

MCL, LCL tear,
meniscal tear,
fracture

10

acute swelling might indicate

ACL, PCL tear,
fracture,
knee dislocation,
patellar dislocation

11

lateral blow to the knee might indicate

MCL tear

12

medial blow to the knee might indicate

LCL tear

13

knee "gave out" or buckled might indicate

ACL tear (years of wear and tear)
patellar dislocation

14

fall onto a flexed knee might indicate

PCL tear (tibia gets driven backwards)
-rare in isolation

15

what would be a positive patellofemoral grinding test?

pain and crepitus when moving patella
-occurs with chondromalacia patella (softening of patella) "housewives knee" from being on your knees a lot

16

where does a popliteal baker's cyst arise from?

gastroc semimembranosus bursa

17

what is the most common injury in athletics?

ankle sprain

18

which bones form the ankle joint?

tibia
fibula
talus

19

where is most of the weight baring on the ankle joint?

tibia

20

what is the subtalar joint?

b/w talus and calcaneus
give inversion and eversion

21

where is the deltoid ligament located?

on the inside of the foot medially
protects against eversion
fans out from inferior surface of medial malleolus to the talus and proximal tarsal bones

22

what are the lateral ligaments of the angle?

ATFL (ant. talofibular ligament)
CF (calcaneofibular ligament)
PTF (post. talofibular ligament)

23

which ligament is more easily injured in an inversion and the most commonly sprained ligament in your body?

anterior talofibular ligament

24

what should you consider when you find localized tenderness?

arthritis
ligamentous injury
infection

25

when would a ligament not illicit tenderness?

no pathology
if it's completely torn

26

what is acute inflammation of 1st MTP suggestive of?

gout

27

what is metatarsalgia?

pain or tenderness of the metatarsal heads
-seen in trauma, arthritis, vascular compromise

28

when is an arthritic joint painful?

when moved in any direction and/or NWB

29

when is a ligament sprain painful?

max pain when ligament is stretched

30

what is a positive talar tilt test?

more than 5 degrees of rotation

31

what would you be suspicious of if you had a painful callus?

plantar's wart

32

what is specific to plantar's warts?

speckled (stippled) appearance

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