Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Day 5 Deck (32):
where are the menisci palpable?
joint line medially and laterally
where does the synovial cavity lie?
6cm above the upper border of patella in the supra patellar pouch
what is the largest joint cavity in the body?
knee joint cavity
when can you palpate the synovial cavity of the knee?
when it is swollen, inflamed or effused
where is prepatellar bursa?
lies b/w patella and overlying skin
where is the anserine bursa?
1-2 in below knee joint medially -under overlying tendons
where is the semimembranosus bursa?
large bursa that communicates with joint cavity
located on posterior and medial surfaces of the knee
a non-contact injury with a pop might indicated
contact injury with a pop might indicate
MCL, LCL tear,
acute swelling might indicate
ACL, PCL tear,
lateral blow to the knee might indicate
medial blow to the knee might indicate
knee "gave out" or buckled might indicate
ACL tear (years of wear and tear)
fall onto a flexed knee might indicate
PCL tear (tibia gets driven backwards)
-rare in isolation
what would be a positive patellofemoral grinding test?
pain and crepitus when moving patella
-occurs with chondromalacia patella (softening of patella) "housewives knee" from being on your knees a lot
where does a popliteal baker's cyst arise from?
gastroc semimembranosus bursa
what is the most common injury in athletics?
which bones form the ankle joint?
where is most of the weight baring on the ankle joint?
what is the subtalar joint?
b/w talus and calcaneus
give inversion and eversion
where is the deltoid ligament located?
on the inside of the foot medially
protects against eversion
fans out from inferior surface of medial malleolus to the talus and proximal tarsal bones
what are the lateral ligaments of the angle?
ATFL (ant. talofibular ligament)
CF (calcaneofibular ligament)
PTF (post. talofibular ligament)
which ligament is more easily injured in an inversion and the most commonly sprained ligament in your body?
anterior talofibular ligament
what should you consider when you find localized tenderness?
when would a ligament not illicit tenderness?
if it's completely torn
what is acute inflammation of 1st MTP suggestive of?
what is metatarsalgia?
pain or tenderness of the metatarsal heads
-seen in trauma, arthritis, vascular compromise
when is an arthritic joint painful?
when moved in any direction and/or NWB
when is a ligament sprain painful?
max pain when ligament is stretched
what is a positive talar tilt test?
more than 5 degrees of rotation
what would you be suspicious of if you had a painful callus?