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Flashcards in common lab panels Deck (50)
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1

CBC

(complete blood count)
-WBC
*monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, neutrophils
-RBC
-Hgb ( hemoglobin)
-Hct ( hematocrit )
-RBC indices
MCV
MCH (hemoglobin)
MCHC
RDW
-platelet

2

BMP

(basic metabolic panel)
Glucose
Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
CO2
Creatinine
BUN (nitrogen)
Calcium

3

Hepatic Function

ALT
ALT
Albumin
Alkaline Phosphatase
Bilirubin
GGT
Total protein
Prothrombin time

4

CMP

(comprehensive metabolic panel)
BMP +
-Albumin
-AST
-ALT
-Bilirubin
-Total protein

5

Lipid panel

Total cholesterol
HDL
LDL
Triglyceride level
VLDL

6

normal RBC levels

in peripheral venous blood
male 4.7-6.1
female 4.2-5.4
anemic (>10% below normal)

7

erythocytosis

excess RBC

8

normal hematocrit

male 42-52%
female 37-47%
critical 60%

9

normal hemoglobin

male 14-18g/dL
female 12-16 g/dL
pregnant female >11 g/dL

10

Rule of three

Hgb = 3x RBC
Hct = 3x Hgb

11

normal MCV values

80-95 normocytic
95 macrocytic

12

MCV =

(Hct x 10) / RBC

13

MCH =

Hgb/RBC (amount of Hgb per RBC)

14

MCHC=

Hgb/Hct (conc of Hgb in an RBC)

15

normal MCHC values

32-36 % normochromic
<32% hypochromic

16

RDW

indicates cell size variability
normal 11-14.5%

17

anisocytosis

elevated RDW (high variation in cell size)
may indicate sickle cell

18

poikilocytosis

abnormal shapes of cells/staining patterns

19

target cells

look like bull's eyes
-hemoglobinopathies
-thalassemia

20

burr cells

look like burrs
-uremia
-liver disease
-post splenectomy

21

spherocytes

look like spheres instead of oval
-hereditary spherocytosis
-acquired immunohemolytic anemia

22

Heinz bodies

dark spot stains along periphery of cell
-G6PD deficiency
-alpha thallasemia

23

Howell-jolly bodies

dark spot stains inside of cell
-myelodysplasia
-post splenectomy
-Sjorgen syndrome antibody

24

basophilic stippling

looks like granules of basophils
-lead poisoning

25

schistocytes (helmet cells)

look like half of a cell
-artificial valve
-disseminated intravascular coagulation
-thrombotic thromocytopenic purpura
-hemolytic uremic syndrome

26

normal reticulocyte values

0.5-2.0%

27

aplastic anemia

low retic count
marrow can't make new cells

28

low retic count may indicate

no new cell production because of lack of bone marrow response or lack of materials (Fe, folate, B12)

29

Reticulocyte index

% of total RBCs
retic % x (pts hematocrit/normal hematocrit)
>1.0 is good response

30

normal ESR

male 15mm/hr
female 20 mm/hr

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