Flashcards in Renal Deck (20):
what is osmolarity of blood?
where does ammonia and urea come from?
breakdown of amino acids
what is filtration?
using hydrostatic pressure to filter out selective solutes
what is a renal corpusle?
glomerulus + Bowman's capsule
which renal artery is shorter?
which is the longest renal vein?
left (has to cross over artery)
which one is the lower kidney?
right (liver is above it)
what is the hilum of the kidney?
where all arteries and veins enter the kidney
what is the renal capsule made of?
dense irregular CT
what is the renal fascia made of?
dense irregular CT-anchors kidney to wall
what is the point of the renal pyramids called?
what is the renal sinus?
where the hilum expands into a cavity
how much blood does the kidney receive?
25% of the cardiac output
what is the arterial renal pathway?
cortical radiate artery
what is the venous renal pathway?
cortical radiate vein
which glomerular capillary has the largest diameter?
creates a greater pressure gradient
what components should be in the filtrate?
electrolytes (sodium, potassium)
what is a cortical nephron?
has a short loop of Henle
efferent arteriole supplies peritubular capillaries
most common nephron
what is a juxtamedullary nephron?
has a long loop of Henle
efferent arterioles supplies vasa recta (around loop, not peritubular capillaries)