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Flashcards in Spine Deck (19):
1

why is back pain hard to treat?

lots of factors involved
if you operate, they will likely come back

2

how is most back pain treated?

conservatively

3

when does back pain commonly occur?

30-50 yo

4

what are tumors that go to bone?

prostate, breast, lung, renal, adrenal, thyroid

5

what should you think when assessing back pain?

is it a nerve root being pinched

6

where is common low back pain?

l4-5 (pivot area)
-causes radicular pain down either leg

7

what will happen with a herniated disc?

lateral curvature of spine

8

which is the most important Waddell sign?

overreaction

9

what is Hoffman reflex?

flick middle finger and will elicit flexion with CNS injury

10

what are findings of cauda equina syndrome?

loss of bowel and bladder function
foot drop

11

when would cervical pt get pain relief?

arms overhead (helps to differentiate between shoulder pain)

12

what would be a late finding of cervical nerve compression?

atrophy

13

what should you not overlook when evaluating cervical radiculopathy?

cardiac

14

what does a hypolordotic curve indicate?

spasm

15

what is the approach to cervical nerve txment?

make them feel better

16

where is cervical strain localized to?

area of soft tissue damage (not radicular)

17

what often causes cervical strain?

whiplash
usu starts hurting hours after injury

18

what is an unstable vertebral fracture?

anterior, posterior and ligamentous involvement

19

what is the best view to visualize a burst or compression fracture?

lateral

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