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Flashcards in Child dev. Deck (30):
1

7 basic domains of function

1. gross motor
2. fine motor
3. language
4. cognition
5. ADL
6. social/emotional
7. behavior

2

how does dev. occur

head to toe, prox. to distal

3

what is needed to learn something

exposure to the stim.

4

how to best ID probs

1. dev. surveillance
2. parental report, trigger questions
3. early ID and intervention

5

how to take a history

- observe early
- talk to child and parents
- additional from other professionals

6

what is covered on Hx

1. pre/perinatal events
2. PMH
3. Social
4. ROS
5. dev. milestones

7

4 aspects to think about with dev. milestones

1. quality vs. quantitiy
2. age approp.
3. all domains
4. delay/plateau/regression

8

5 parts of physical

1. growth parameters (head circ)
2. dysmorphic features
3. skin exam
4. neuro
5. dev. surveillance

9

what are the primitive reflexes (6)

1. root - touch cheek
2. suck
3. hand grasp
4. toe grasp
5. moro
6. ATNR (fencer)

10

when do most primitive disappear

first few month - replace by postural

11

2 postural

1. lateral propping - 4-6 months
2. parachute - 8-9 mmon

12

6 red flags to reflexes

1. asymmetric
2. obligate
3. persisitent
4. absent
5. no lateral prop by 7-8
6. no parachute by 10

13

** key gross motor timepoints (12)

1. head control - 3 months
2. extend forearms -4
3. roll - 4
4. sit -6
5. 4 point crawl - 9
6. pull to stand - 9
7. run stifly -18
8. up stairs at a time - 2yo
9. up stairs alternating 2.5
10 trike - 3
11. hop on one foot - 4
12. bike -5

14

3 gross motor red flags

1. too early - roll before 3mo
2. toe walking, scissoring, stands when pulled to sit
3. milestones too late

15

2 general fine motor milestones

1. evolve pincer grasp - 1 year
2. use pincer to manipulate tool -2 year

16

other fine motor dev. (3)

3mo - hold object, hand regard
4mo - reach object
6mo - transfer hand to hand

17

2 red flags for fine motor

1. persistent fisting - 3 months
2. hand pref.

18

5 types of cog. dev. measures

1. use of senses
2. sensory/motor playu
3. object permanence
4. cause and effect relat
5. functional play

19

3 types of language

1. expressive
2. receptive
3. articulation

20

7 language milestones

2-3mo - coo
6 mo - babble
1year - first word
1.5 - 25 words
2 - 2 words together 50% intell.
3yo - 3-4 word, 75% intel.
4yo - nursery rhymes

21

3 lang. red flags

1. failure to coo be 4-6 mo
2.

22

5 ADL milestones

12 mo - drink from cup
18mo - eat with spoon
2yo - remove shoes
3yo - toilet
4-5 - buttons zippers

23

5 social milestones

1-2 mo - follow person with eyes
6 week - smile
6-9 mo - stranger anxiety
9 mo - pat a cake, wave
2 year - temper tantrum

24

2 social red flags

1. no smile
2. lack of social relationships

25

what is most oftenn used screening tool

nipissing - up to 6 years

26

when is last major visit

18 month well baby visit

27

def. social communication

ability to use verbal and non-verbal means to interact with others

28

criteria 1 of 2 for autism (3)

1. def. in social reciprrocity
2. def. in non-verbal communication
3. def. in dev., maintaining and understanding relats.

29

criteria 2 of 2 for autism (2./4)

1. sterotyped movements
2. insistence on sameness
3. restricted fixated interests
4, hyper or hypo reactivity to sensory stim

30

what are common comorbidities with ASD

many
- phobia most common - weird stuff
- anxiety
ADHD

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