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Flashcards in diabetes and nutrition Deck (19):
1

which type require insulin

Type 1: +++
Type 2: minority

2

which type are ketosis prone and always require carbs

Type 1: +++
Type 2: ?

3

which type are hypoglycemia prone - need meal spacing

Type 1: +++
Type 2: a bit

4

which type are overweight and need reduction

Type 1: no
Type 2: ++++

5

which type have hyperlipidemia

Type 1: can be
Type 2: apple - low HDL and high TG

6

initial/predominant vascular disease

Type 1: micro macro
Type 2: macro micro

7

what are the diffs in diet for treatment

type 2 need calorie reduction

8

what needs to be done with fat

reduce, esp sat fats

9

what type of fats to give

monounsats and not fish fats

10

what are 2 types of fat distribution

android- abdo
gynoid -hips

11

what is caloric and weight loss aim

1200 cal and 1-2 lbs/week

12

what is problematic waist for men and women

men 102, women 88

13

what is problematic waist to hip ration

men 1, women 0.8

14

5 warning signs for CHD

1. high glucose
2. high TG
3. low HDL
4. large waist
5. high BP

15

what much weight needs to be lost to reduce risk

5%

16

3 types of fats in diabetes treatment and what they do

1. veggie omega3 - lower VLDL -- good
2. fish omega 3 - increase hepatic glucose - bad
3. monounsats - increase HDL - good

17

how are glucose and FFAs related to hypoglycemia

1. insulin inhibits FFA release from adipocytes
2. FFAs would normally be used by muscle instead of glucose

18

what do slow release carbs do?

decrease postmeal levels of insuling AND counterregulatory hormones

19

treatment for 3 levels of diabetes

1. mild - diet
2. failure, but not ketones - pills and weight loss
3. ketosis prone - must always take insulin and therefore always need sugars

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