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Flashcards in Contraceptive options Deck (34):
1

most common reason for teens not to use condom

using another birth control method

2

condom failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 14%
perfect:3%

3

most common condom errors

after penetration, no space at tip, removed before ejac

4

how long before sex is femal condom good for

8 hours

5

female condom failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 21%
perfect: 5%

6

adv of female condom

longer life, female controlled

7

diaphragm failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 20%
perfect: 6%

8

side effects of diaphragm

UTIs, discharge, irritaiton

9

sponge failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 32 parous, 16 nulliparous%
perfect: 20 parous%, 9 mulli

10

SE of sponge

spermicide irritation, no STI protection, no use with menses

11

3 morning after options

1. plan B- progerterone
2. Yuzpe - E and prog
3. copper IUD

12

when to take morning after

ASAP - plan B/Yuzpe - 72 hours
IUD 5-7 days

13

when to prescribe morning after

any time! give in advance to enhance

14

4 things estradiol and prog. do

1. supress ovulation
2. thin endometrium
3. thicken cervical mucous
4. inhibs tubal peristalsis

15

pill failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 3%
perfect: 0.1-0.3

16

adv of pill

1. cycle regulation
2. less menses flow
3. less dysmennohrea
4. less acne hirsuitism
5. less cancer

17

risk of pill

1. venous thromboembolism
2. spotting
3. breast tnederness and nausea

18

cancer risks in OCP

1. slight incr. in breast
2. cervical cancer may progress faster
3. reduces rate of ovarian and uterine

19

absolute contrindications for OCP

1. <6 weeks breastfeeding
2. smoker over 35
3. hypertension
4. venous thromboembolism
5. ischemic heart disease
6. cerebrovasuclar accident
7. abnormal uterine bleeding
8. pregancy

20

what to do for missed pills

1 pill- take ASAP
2 pills - during week 1-2: 2 on day remember and 2 next day
2 pills- during week 3: discard pack and start again
more than 2: start new pack and use emerg. contraception for 7 days

21

2 other OCP timing options

1. continuous - no tablet free interval
2. extended - seasonique - multiple cycles

22

what is in patch

E and prog

23

how often is patch used

1 per week for 3 weeks and then 1 off

24

patch failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 8%
perfect: 0.3

25

patch contrindications

same as pill and may be less effective in >90kg

26

ring failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 8%
perfect: 0.3

27

3 ring SEs

1. vaginitis
2. leukorrhea
3. discomfort

28

what is progestin only

IM injection q12-13 weeks

29

adv of prog only

can be used in women with contraindication for E

30

SE of prog only (3)

1. no menses
2. weight gain
3. hormonal SE

31

2 risk of prog only

1. slow return to fert
2. decreased bone density

32

hormonal IUD failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 0.1%
perfect: 0.1

33

copper IUD IUD failure rate with typical and perfect use

typical: 0.8%
perfect: 0.8

34

risk for IUD

1. perf.
2. expulsion
3. infection

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