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Flashcards in Memory Deck (11):
1

4 general theories of what memories are

1. records in the brain of varying strength
2. memories are stores in the brain
3. set of memory systems with different characteristics
4. as processes that are qualitatively different

2

2 problems with strength theory

1. the idea that memories vary in only 1 dimension is wrong
2. diff. memoriy tests give different results for two encoded words

3

what is 3 store model of memory

perceive>attend into STM>transfer into LTM

4

evidence in favor of memory stores

1. aging - older people have poor LTM, but equal STM
2. amnesia - short and long term different

5

3 probs with 3 store model

1. capacity of sTM - small
2. forgetting rate from STM depends on material
3. LTM is yet to be identified in any way

6

4 aspects of memory systems

1. working mem. - info in "mind"
2. episodic mem - personal memories
3. semantic memories - facts
4. procedural mem - how to do something

7

3 evidence in favor of systems

1. working mem = STM
2. people can learn procedural habits even if other mem impaired
3. semantic and episodic are differentially affected by age

8

4 aspects of a processing approach

1. remembering as processing - activities not things
2. remembering lights up same areas as perceiving, attending
3. encoding = perceiving/comprehending
4. retreiving = recapitulation of encoding

9

what happens to memory as we need to process more

remember it better

10

2 areas of brain involved in mem

1. medial temporal - laying down perm. memories
2. frontal - control structures for encoding and retreiving

11

what happens with laterality as age

older people use more bilateral

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