Substance use and adol brain Flashcards Preview

Undeleted > Substance use and adol brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Substance use and adol brain Deck (13):
1

**4 most used drugs by adols

1. alc
2. THC
3. tobacco
4. prescription opiods

2

how does use vary with sex and age

similar for both sexes
- increases with each school year

3

**how common are comorbidities

30-50%
- mostly anxiety/depression

4

what is continuum of substance use

1. no use
2. experimentation (1-4x)
3. regular use
4. abuse (use despite probs)
5. dependence

5

4 features of dep.

1. regular use
2. withdrawal
3. adaptation
4. tolerance

6

3 ways to tell if abuse

1. consequences
2. hazaraous situations
3. use despite problems

7

**what is adol screening tool

CRAFFT
C - car with someone
R - used to Relax
A - use alone
F - forget things you did
F - fam and friends tell you to cut down
T - trouble because of

8

**8 markers of risk of use

1. fam. Hx
2. depression/anx/CD
3. LGBT
4. peers use
5. early use
6. chronic condition - esp pain
7. LD
8. Hx. of abuse

9

**key area involved in brain

frontal cortex - executive functioning

10

what is path of subs. on brain

1. use induces pleasure through rewards
2. pathway become reinforced
3. adaptation becomes tied to cues
4 subtance paired cues trigger DA in brain

11

5 key area THC binds to and effects

1. hypothal - appetite
2. amygdala - anxiety
3. cortex - altered consc., hallucination
4. hippocamus - mem
5. cerebellum - impaired coordination

12

what is seen in brains of alc. use teens

smaller prefronatal grey and white matter

13

3 keys to treating

1. enhance motivation
2. increase attn. and focus
3. educate

Decks in Undeleted Class (589):