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Flashcards in General cancer therapy Deck (19):
1

**6 key features when taking an HPI for onc

1. Sx and important risk factors
2. diagnosis (path report)
3. stage
4. treatment until now
5. peformace status
6. PT understanding of illness

2

** how is diagnosis made

biopsy

3

3 types of biopsy

1. fine needle
2. core biopsy
3. excisional

4

3 features of staging

T,N,M

5

what is staging used for

progonsis and treatment

6

general rules to staging

1and 2 early
3. locally advanced
4. mets

7

what is ECOG measure

performance status - higher is worse

8

***4 treatment modalities and the extent they can reach

1. surgery - local
2. radiation - local
3. drug - systemic
4. interventional

9

4 general types of drug treatments

1. chemo
2. hormonal
3. targeted
4. interventional

10

what does treatment depend on

1. path
2. stage
3. other factors (age, PGOG)

11

***4 possible goals of chemo

1. cure
2. cure along with RT
3. adjunctive
4. palliative

12

2 types of adjunctive therapy

1. neo adjuvant - before surgery
2. adjuvant - after surgery

13

how does treatment duraiton change between curative, adjuvant, and palliative

curative and adj - limited
palliative -as long as good response

14

** 3 main SE of chemo

1. bone marrow
2. GI
3. hair, fatigue

15

3 bone marrow probs

1. anemia
2. neutropenia
3. thrombocytopenia

16

3 GI issues

1. mucositis
2. nausea/vomiting
3. diarrhea

17

*** what is targeted therapy

interference with specific molecules involved in CA growth

18

2 examples of targeted therapies

1. tyrosine kinase inhibitors (-nib) - slow growth
2. monoclonal ABs (-mab) - bind receptors

19

what happens if cancer comes back

not usually curable at that point - palliative

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