Nutrition principles as applied to Ca Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition principles as applied to Ca Deck (22):
1

what is nutrient requirement

universal absolute requirment

2

what is requirment

individual amount that each of us needs - will vary

3

what is recc. daily intake **

amount that will satisfy all but those in the 2 SD mean above (97.5%)

4

what does eating below the RDA mean?

not neccesarily meaning you are insufficiant

5

4 purposes of dietary standards

1. assist in planning diets
2. aid in assessing adqeuate diet
3. aid in planning food supplies
4. serve as scentific basis for public health

6

what are 2 methods for determining requirments

1. experimental - measure in and out
2. epidemiological

7

what does RDA not work for

calories

8

what is estimated energy requirement

caloric intake needed - should hit 50% of pop

9

what is target for healthy person

RDA

10

what is target for malnourished person

RDA for their ideal body weight

11

what is target in disease

modify according to metabolic need

12

3 methods of nutritional assessment

1. biochem. - test for all the stuff
2. clinical - subject observation - fat, Hx,
3. anthropomorphic - BMI, skinfold, waist circumferance

13

what happens in too much protein

Ca goes down

14

what happens in menopause

need more Ca

15

do supplements reverse osteo?

no

16

major source of Ca

west - dairy
other - not sure

17

3 types of vit D and their source

1. D3 - cholecalciferol - animal - inert
2. D2 - ergo calciferol - plant - inert
3. 1,25 dehyroxy - calcitrol - active form

18

what is vit D RDA

600 IU except over 70 - 800

19

3 consequences of low vit D

1. low Ca absorb
2. high PTH
3. low bone mineral density

20

what was found in women' health initiative

1. no significant prevention of hip fracture
2. slight increase in stone
3. modest protection of bone density

21

4 cancers linked to low vit D

1. breast
2. prostate
3. colon
4. ovary

22

what is potential risk with Ca supplement

MI

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