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Flashcards in CV nutrition Deck (16):
1

5 things that can be impacted by nutrition

1. lipid profile
2. BP
3. glucose
4. weight
5. overall nut. status
NOT just lipids as an endpoint

2

what is still promary target

LDL

3

what is recommendation, source, and effect of saturated fats

recommendation: limit to

4

what is recommendation, source, and effect of trans fats

def. bad
recommendation: limit to

5

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of dietary chol

issue: can raise LDL
recommendation:

6

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of unsaturated fats

issue: inverse relat. with CAD
recommendation: diet should be polyunsturated, then mono
Source: fish, nuts, seeds

7

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of marine derived omega 3

issue: reduced risk of all told mortality
recommendation: 1000mg/day of EPA/DHA combined
Source: fatty fish, fish oil supplement

8

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of plant derived omega 3

issue: relationship less clear
recommendation: 1100mg/day women, 1600, men
Source: flax, wlanuts, soybeans, oils

9

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of plant sterols

issue: decrease LDL
recommendation: 2g/day
Source: sterol fortified products ( marg/ yogurt/fruit)
effect:LDL reduction of 6-15% without lowering HDL

10

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of soluble fiber

issue: reduce risk of CHD, inhib chol. absorb.
recommendation: 5-10g/day
Source: whole grains, oats, veg, fuit
effect:LDL reduction of 3-5%

11

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of antioxidants

issue: reduced CVDrisk, no benefit from supplement- maybe bad
recommendation: DIET rich in antioxidants
Source: whole grains, nuts, veg, fuit

12

what is issue, recommendation, source, and effect of salt

issue: DASH helps
recommendation: 1500-2300mg/day
Source: salt
effect:reduction of 2-8mmhg

13

2 diet patterns IDed as helpful

1. DASH
2. mediteranean

14

5 goals of nutrition support following CV surg

1. maintain normal nutrition status
2. repletion of substrates
3. would healing
4. support immunity
5. support protein synthesis

15

how to feed

is gut work, use it (ENteral)
- start early
if not TPN

16

what is refeeding syndrome

starvation
- gluconeo slows
- FFA start to be used for ketones
during refeeding
- switch back to glucose
- requires all the K, Ph, Mg
- get all 3 in hypo

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