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Flashcards in Joints Deck (15):
1

3 main types of joints

fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial

2

Classification of joints based on

type of movement, amount of movement, structure

3

Qualities of fibrous joint

-don't move much
-formed by fibrous tissue

4

2 types of cartilaginous joints

primary and secondary

5

Type of cartilage in primary cart joint

hyaline

6

type of cartilage in sec cart. joint

fibrocartelage

7

Characteristics of synovial joint

- highly movable
- connected by joint capsule containing synovial fluid

8

Limiter of movement

ligaments and bony structures

9

Direction of long axis

top to bottom (long bones)

10

Direction of coronal axis

side to side

11

direction of saggital axis

back to front

12

3 movement pairs

1. Adduction/abduction
2. flexion/extension
3. internal/external rotation

13

Plane and axis of each movement

Adduction - coronal plane/sag axis
Flexion - sag. plane, cor axis
Rotation - long axis/transverse plane

14

Types of synovial joints (6) and movements

1. hinge - flexion
2. pivot - rotation
3. Condyloid - flexion + aduction = circumduction
4. plane - sliding
5. ball & socket - all 3 movements
6. Saddle - flexion + abduction

15

2 types of ligaments

extrinsic - reinforce, but connected to other bones
intrinsic - connected to joint bones

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