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Flashcards in upper extremity factors Deck (14):
1

2 issues with scaphoid fracture

1. heal in cast with a thumb
2. high incidence of malunion and non-union due to probs with blood supply

2

how can you help reduce

put pins through

3

how to heal distal radial fractures

1. can usually be reduced closed
2. usually heal in cast in 6 weeks
3. surgery indicated for intra-articular, severe displacement

4

2 issues with forearm fractures

1. high incidence of non and mal-union
2. neccesoty fracture -need to fix right to have full ROM

5

features if distal humeral fractures

- usually intra-articular
- bi-modal age dist (young males and old females)
- stiffness is most common complaint
- open reduction and fixation required for early motion

6

other option for elderly people

total elbow replacement

7

features of humeral shaft fractures

- radial nerve injuries common
- most heal in a splint without surg.
- surg. for open and failed non-operative

8

causes of clavicular

birth
falls
- usually heal in a sling

9

what is major issue in clavicular

sub-clav. artery
- check distal pulsess

10

3 other shoulder injuries

1. intrinisic bony instability
2. affect soft tissues
3. dislocation common

11

3 shoulder dislocations

1. glenohemoral
2. AC
3. sternoclav

12

4 types of instabilty

1. congential
2. acute
3. chronic
4. recurrent

13

5 ways of classifying instability

1. anterior
2. post
3. inf
4. intra-thoracic
5. multi directional

14

2 Musts in a dislocation

1. ALWAYS a lateral
2. trans-axial lateral are best

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