Macro nutrients and CV disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Macro nutrients and CV disease Deck (17):
1

what do sat fats do?

1. raise serum LDL
2. possibly raise CHD risk - may also raise HDL

2

what do trans fats do (2)

1. raise LDL
2. ower HDL

3

what do polyunstaurateds do

1. lower LDL
2. Lower HDL

4

effect of polyunsats

over lower CHD risk

5

level to keep polyunsats under

10%

6

what do monounsats do

1. lower LDL
2. raise HDL

7

where to get monounsats

nuts and olive oil

8

what happens if too many polys

cancer risk

9

what does sugar do

increase in cals. get fat>incr. risk

10

what does alcohol do

1. 1 drink a day increases HDL
2. over 2/day increases cancer and mortality

11

what does veg protein do

lower LDL

12

what does soy do?

increase NO synthesis and vasodilaye art. bed

13

what is effect of bran

5-10g increase will drop chol, by 5%

14

what does weight do

waist size associated with CHD

15

what does excercise do

increase HDL

16

what are excercise reccomendations

1. vigorour walking in women after menop.
2. vigorous excercise in men except after heart attack, then just moderate

17

what do we want from plants

sterols, not stanols

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