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Flashcards in Fruits Deck (100):
1

Consist of mature pistil (carpel or carpels) and contents or the ovarian portion

Fruit

2

Consist of mature pistil (carpel or carpels) and contents or the ovarian portion

Fruit

3

Ovary wall

Pericarp

4

develop from a single ovary

simple fruit

5

-Pericarp (ovary wall) almost completely fleshy at maturity
-seeds of all ____ are embedded in fleshy tissue of the carpel

berry

6

-covered with leathery rind
-partitions separating the carpels(ovary) are tough and fibrous

hesperidium

7

rind is hard and thick

pepo

8

-fleshy fruit/fibrous
-with hard stony pit containing a seed

drupe

9

Consists of tissue derived from the ovary and the perianth
-Core is composed of modified tissue from ovary wall
-Pulp(hypanthium) is composed of tissue from the base of floral tube and receptacle
-Seeds (ovules) containing fertilized eggs and endosperm

pome

10

- crack open along two seams and shed their
seeds into the environment when the fruit is
ripe

dry dehiscent

11

- One carpel Fruits crack open along two seams and shed their seeds into the environment

legume

12

Composed of several fuse carpels

capsule

13

One carpel that splits along one seam.

follicle

14

Two carpels separated by a seed-bearing septum

silique

15

fruits retain their seeds and do not crack open after ripening

dry indehiscent

16

• consists of a single seed that is attached to the wall of the ovary at only one point.
• wall of the mature ovary is thin and undeveloped so when it dries out the fruit formed has a seed-like appearance.

achene

17

• wall of the dry indehiscent fruit is thin, transparent and firmly attached to all points of the seed coat

grain or caryopsis

18

•is a wind borne fruit containing a single seed.
•It is like an achene except for the paper-like wing which develops from the ovary wall of the flower

samara

19

very similar in structure to the achene except for its larger size

nut

20

Apricots cherries peaches plums olives

drupes

21

usually develop from a compound ovary
difficult to differentiate the endocarp and mesocarp

berry

22

tomatoes grapes peppers eggplants

berry

23

gooseberries blueberries cranberries pomegranates bananas

berry

24

no seeds

parthenocarpic

25

berries with thick rinds

pepos

26

watermelon cucumbers pumpkin squashes honeydew cantaloupes

pepos

27

berry with leathery skin containing oils

hesperidium

28

kumquat family

hesperidium

29

oranges lemons limes grapefruit tangerine kumquat

hesperidum

30

bulk of flesh comes from enlarged floral tube or receptacle
endocarp is papery

pome

31

apples pears quinces

pome

32

peas beans garbanzo beans lentils

legumes

33

splits along two sides but seeds are borne on a central partition

silique

34

mustard family

silique

35

broccoli, cabbage radish watercress

silique

36

at least two carpels and split in a variety of ways

capsule

37

orchids lilies poppies

capsule

38

only the base of the single seed is attached

achene

39

sunflower seeds

achene

40

one-seeded fruits similar to achene but are generally larger

nuts

41

acorn hazelnut hickory nut

nuts

42

seeds of drupes

cashew and pistachio nuts

43

pericarp cannot be separated from the seed

grain

44

grass family

grain

45

Wheat, rice, oats, corn, barley

grains

46

ashes elms

samara

47

twin fruit

schizocarp

48

parsley family

schizocarp

49

parsley carrots anise caraway dill

schizocarp

50

blackberries raspberries strawberries

aggregate

51

pineapples and bananas

parthenocarpic fruits

52

Ovary wall

Pericarp

53

develop from a single ovary

simple fruit

54

-Pericarp (ovary wall) almost completely fleshy at maturity
-seeds of all ____ are embedded in fleshy tissue of the carpel

berry

55

-covered with leathery rind
-partitions separating the carpels(ovary) are tough and fibrous

hesperidium

56

rind is hard and thick

pepo

57

-fleshy fruit/fibrous
-with hard stony pit containing a seed

drupe

58

Consists of tissue derived from the ovary and the perianth
-Core is composed of modified tissue from ovary wall
-Pulp(hypanthium) is composed of tissue from the base of floral tube and receptacle
-Seeds (ovules) containing fertilized eggs and endosperm

pome

59

- crack open along two seams and shed their
seeds into the environment when the fruit is
ripe

dry dehiscent

60

- One carpel Fruits crack open along two seams and shed their seeds into the environment

legume

61

Composed of several fuse carpels

capsule

62

One carpel that splits along one seam.

follicle

63

Two carpels separated by a seed-bearing septum

silique

64

fruits retain their seeds and do not crack open after ripening

dry indehiscent

65

• consists of a single seed that is attached to the wall of the ovary at only one point.
• wall of the mature ovary is thin and undeveloped so when it dries out the fruit formed has a seed-like appearance.

achene

66

• wall of the dry indehiscent fruit is thin, transparent and firmly attached to all points of the seed coat

grain or caryopsis

67

•is a wind borne fruit containing a single seed.
•It is like an achene except for the paper-like wing which develops from the ovary wall of the flower

samara

68

very similar in structure to the achene except for its larger size

nut

69

Apricots cherries peaches plums olives

drupes

70

usually develop from a compound ovary
difficult to differentiate the endocarp and mesocarp

berry

71

tomatoes grapes peppers eggplants

berry

72

gooseberries blueberries cranberries pomegranates bananas

berry

73

no seeds

parthenocarpic

74

berries with thick rinds

pepos

75

watermelon cucumbers pumpkin squashes honeydew cantaloupes

pepos

76

berry with leathery skin containing oils

hesperidium

77

kumquat family

hesperidium

78

oranges lemons limes grapefruit tangerine kumquat

hesperidum

79

bulk of flesh comes from enlarged floral tube or receptacle
endocarp is papery

pome

80

apples pears quinces

pome

81

peas beans garbanzo beans lentils

legumes

82

splits along two sides but seeds are borne on a central partition

silique

83

mustard family

silique

84

broccoli, cabbage radish watercress

silique

85

at least two carpels and split in a variety of ways

capsule

86

orchids lilies poppies

capsule

87

only the base of the single seed is attached

achene

88

sunflower seeds

achene

89

one-seeded fruits similar to achene but are generally larger

nuts

90

acorn hazelnut hickory nut

nuts

91

seeds of drupes

cashew and pistachio nuts

92

pericarp cannot be separated from the seed

grain

93

grass family

grain

94

Wheat, rice, oats, corn, barley

grains

95

ashes elms

samara

96

twin fruit

schizocarp

97

parsley family

schizocarp

98

parsley carrots anise caraway dill

schizocarp

99

blackberries raspberries strawberries

aggregate

100

pineapples and bananas

parthenocarpic fruits

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