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Flashcards in Fruits Deck (100)
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1

Consist of mature pistil (carpel or carpels) and contents or the ovarian portion

Fruit

2

Consist of mature pistil (carpel or carpels) and contents or the ovarian portion

Fruit

3

Ovary wall

Pericarp

4

develop from a single ovary

simple fruit

5

-Pericarp (ovary wall) almost completely fleshy at maturity
-seeds of all ____ are embedded in fleshy tissue of the carpel

berry

6

-covered with leathery rind
-partitions separating the carpels(ovary) are tough and fibrous

hesperidium

7

rind is hard and thick

pepo

8

-fleshy fruit/fibrous
-with hard stony pit containing a seed

drupe

9

Consists of tissue derived from the ovary and the perianth
-Core is composed of modified tissue from ovary wall
-Pulp(hypanthium) is composed of tissue from the base of floral tube and receptacle
-Seeds (ovules) containing fertilized eggs and endosperm

pome

10

- crack open along two seams and shed their
seeds into the environment when the fruit is
ripe

dry dehiscent

11

- One carpel Fruits crack open along two seams and shed their seeds into the environment

legume

12

Composed of several fuse carpels

capsule

13

One carpel that splits along one seam.

follicle

14

Two carpels separated by a seed-bearing septum

silique

15

fruits retain their seeds and do not crack open after ripening

dry indehiscent

16

• consists of a single seed that is attached to the wall of the ovary at only one point.
• wall of the mature ovary is thin and undeveloped so when it dries out the fruit formed has a seed-like appearance.

achene

17

• wall of the dry indehiscent fruit is thin, transparent and firmly attached to all points of the seed coat

grain or caryopsis

18

•is a wind borne fruit containing a single seed.
•It is like an achene except for the paper-like wing which develops from the ovary wall of the flower

samara

19

very similar in structure to the achene except for its larger size

nut

20

Apricots cherries peaches plums olives

drupes

21

usually develop from a compound ovary
difficult to differentiate the endocarp and mesocarp

berry

22

tomatoes grapes peppers eggplants

berry

23

gooseberries blueberries cranberries pomegranates bananas

berry

24

no seeds

parthenocarpic

25

berries with thick rinds

pepos

26

watermelon cucumbers pumpkin squashes honeydew cantaloupes

pepos

27

berry with leathery skin containing oils

hesperidium

28

kumquat family

hesperidium

29

oranges lemons limes grapefruit tangerine kumquat

hesperidum

30

bulk of flesh comes from enlarged floral tube or receptacle
endocarp is papery

pome

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