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Flashcards in blood histo Deck (44)
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1

functions of blood

transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide
carries nutrients from GIT to diff tissues
brings waste products to kidneys
distributes hormones to their target organs

2

55% of total blood quantity
composed of water, organic and inorganic substances, hormones and enzymes

Plasma

3

Blood w/o fibrinogen content

Serum

4

Consists 40-50% of blood volume

Solid elements

5

cellular elements of blood

rbc
wbc
platelets

6

non cellular elements of blood

chylomicrons
hematokonia/blood dust

7

not true cells; no nucleus
specialized for oxygen and carbon dioxide transport

erythrocytes

8

number of rbc in men

5.4 M/mL

9

Number of rbc in women

4.8 M/mL

10

Life span of rbc

120 days

11

Gives acidophilic color to rbc
Oxygen and carbon dioxide carrier

Hemoglobin

12

Normal Number of hemoglobin

12-15 gm/100 ml

13

normal Hgb

normochromic

14

inc Hgb

hyperchromic

15

dec Hgb

Hypochromic

16

different hapes

Poikilocytosis

17

diff sizes

anisocytosis

18

effects of salt sol'n
when sol'n is hypertonic

crenation

19

effects of salt sol'n
when sol'n is hypotonic

hemolysis

20

granular wbc

neutrophils
basophils
eosinophils

21

most common granular wbc (40-75%)
with 2 or more nuclei
"polys"/PMN
"drumstick" chromosome

Neutrophils

22

life span of Neutrophils

about 8 days

23

1-2% of WBC population
with bilobed nucleus
w/ eosinophilic specific granules

eosinophil

24

least common WBC (<1%)
w/ U shaped nucleus
w/basophilic specific granules

basophils

25

smallest WBC
2nd most common WBC (20-35%)

lymphocytes

26

types of lymphocytes based on site of formation

T-lymphocytes
B-lymphocytes

27

type of lymphocytes
memory cells
arises from bone marrow and proliferates in the thymus
activates B lymphocytes

T-lymphocytes

28

T-lymphocytes arises from ------ and proliferates in the -----

bone marrow
thymus

29

type of lymphocytes
does not pass the thymus
produces antibodies

b lymphocytes

30

life span of b lymphocytes

few days

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