SA Flashcards Preview

Botany > SA > Flashcards

Flashcards in SA Deck (127)
Loading flashcards...
1

• Study of patterned and shared human behavior (Palispis, 2007)

Sociology

2

social institutions, social groups, stratification, social mobility, bureaucracy , ethnic groups and relations; (family education, politics, religion and economy)

social organization

3

human nature resulting from group life, social attitudes, collective behavior and personality formation (rally, mob,wake)

social psychology

4

change in culture and social relations; social disruptions; adjustments with regards to group behavior; removing the main purpose for a social purpose, detaching from the actual experience (Ex. The use of smartphones)

social change and social disorganization

5

nature and behavior of a given population and its relationship with other groups or with existing institutions

human ecology

6

number, composition, changes and quality of a given population as they affect the economic, political and social systems

population/demography

7

how principles and theories of group life may be applied and used for the regulation of man

sociological theory and method

8

application of findings of sociological research in various aspects of social life.

applied sociology

9

➢ Systematic investigation of behavior needed to improve society
➢ Father of Sociology


August Comte

10

➢ Law of three stages: universal law at work in all sciences, stages of development of all knowledge about humanity

August Comte

11

➢ Idea of Positivism (necessary for rebuilding a society on a rational basis)

August Comte

12

➢ Published Positive philosophy (summarizes stages of development of all knowledge about humanity)

August Comte

13

➢ Coined term “sociology”

August Comte

14

➢ Applying scientific method to study of society and social relations

August Comte

15

➢ German philosopher, political economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, communist and revolutionary

➢ Wrote the Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels


➢ Worked with Engels

Marx

16

➢ Credited for being the founder of communism

Marx

17

➢ No property, no hierarchy, no social discrimination (Criticism: people will always find a measure of social hierarchy)

Marx

18

➢ Central tenet: Exploitation of the labor force (bottom of the worker hierarchy: GP, nurses, midwives)

Marx

19

➢ All aspects of society are economically conditioned and controlled by capitalism

Marx

20

➢ Society divided between two classes that clash in pursuit of interests

Marx

21



• Works:
• The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism
• The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism
• Theory of Social and Economic Organization
• Politics as a Vocation – entity claiming monopoly on the legitimate use of violence

Max Weber

22

• Studies traditional organization and formal organization (black and white and no gray area)

Max Weber

23

To comprehend behavior, one must learn subjective meaning people attach to actions
Employ verstehen: understanding; insight
Ideal type: Construct for evaluating specific cases

Max Weber

24

➢ Breakdown of traditional social organizations → anomie (condition of normlessness and loss of social control)

Emile Durkheim

25

➢ Suicides

Emile Durkheim

26

➢ Division of Labor in Society

Emile Durkheim

27

➢ 1st French academic sociologist who obtained a doctorate degree in sociology

Emile Durkheim

28

Proponent of the Functionalist Theory

Emile Durkheim

29

➢ Individuals are more of a product that creator of society

Emile Durkheim

30

➢ Behavior must be understood within larger social context: individuals are more of a product that creator of society (Ex. ↑ display of sensuality and intimacy, people becomes more open to that practice)

Emile Durkheim

Decks in Botany Class (324):