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Flashcards in INTRO TO COMPUTER Deck (45)
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1


 An electronic device that helps people perform
different tasks.

COMPUTER –

2

 a programmable, multiuse machine that process or
accept data into information.

COMPUTER –

3


 A device that manipulates data according to a set of
instructions

COMPUTER –

4

ADVANTAGES OF COMPUTER

 Speed
 Reliability
 Consistency
 Storage
 Communication

5

DISADVANTAGES OF COMPUTER

 Violation of privacy
 Impact on labor force
 Health risks
 Impact on environment

6


 refers to all components that contribute in making the
computer a useful tool.

COMPUTER SYSTEM

7

 combination of hardware, software & storage

COMPUTER SYSTEM

8

consists of raw facts and figures that are
processed into information.

DATA –

9

– data that has been summarized for
decision making.


INFORMATION

10

(Portable Computer or
Personal Computer)
 the PC is the most common type of computer used
in the office, and is also now widely used in many
homes

MICROCOMPUTER

11

EXAMPLES OF MICROCOMPUTER

Examples: Desktop computers, video game consoles,
laptop computers, tablet PCs

12


 less expensive and some features of mainframes
will not be available in mini computer

MINICOMPUTER

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 lower to mainframe computer in terms of speed and
storage capacity

MINICOMPUTER

14


 large and expensive computer capable of supporting
hundreds, or even thousands, of users
simultaneously

MAIN FRAME

15

 often used by large corporate and government data
processing departments

MAIN FRAME

16

3 COMPONENTS OF COMPUTER

hardware, software, peopleware

17

component of computer

 refer to all machinery and equipment in
a computer system.


HARDWARE

18

 devices in the computer that can be seen and touch.

HARDWARE

19

 objects that you can actually touch, like disks, disk
drives, display screens, keyboards, printers, boards,
and chips

HARDWARE

20

types of hardware

INPUT, OUTPUT MEMORY, CPU

21

– is a peripheral device through
which data entered is transformed into machine

Input Device

22

Examples of input device

Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner, Fax Machine,
Pointing Device, USB & etc.

23


 An area of a computer which stores data

Memory

24

type of memory
electronic, fast, volatile,
expensive, holds data currently in use.

RAM

25


 Enables a computer to store, at least
temporarily, data and programs.

Memory

26



 is the temporary memory where the computer read
data for the current processing task.

RAM – Random Access Memory (temporary)

27

 It holds the data that is being manipulated by the
CPU until it is moved to a permanent memory store
such as a disk.

RAM – Random Access Memory (temporary)

28


 the computer can read its contents but cannot write
to the contents of memory.

ROM – Read Only Memory (Permanent)

29

 holds permanent information such as the software
that enables the components in your computer to
communicate with each other. It cannot usually be
deleted or overwritten.

ROM – Read Only Memory (Permanent)

30

TYPE OF HARDWARE
 responsible for performing all of the mathematical
calculations that are required for a computer to
function properly.

CPU

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