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Flashcards in INTRO TO COMPUTER Deck (45):
1


 An electronic device that helps people perform
different tasks.

COMPUTER –

2

 a programmable, multiuse machine that process or
accept data into information.

COMPUTER –

3


 A device that manipulates data according to a set of
instructions

COMPUTER –

4

ADVANTAGES OF COMPUTER

 Speed
 Reliability
 Consistency
 Storage
 Communication

5

DISADVANTAGES OF COMPUTER

 Violation of privacy
 Impact on labor force
 Health risks
 Impact on environment

6


 refers to all components that contribute in making the
computer a useful tool.

COMPUTER SYSTEM

7

 combination of hardware, software & storage

COMPUTER SYSTEM

8

consists of raw facts and figures that are
processed into information.

DATA –

9

– data that has been summarized for
decision making.


INFORMATION

10

(Portable Computer or
Personal Computer)
 the PC is the most common type of computer used
in the office, and is also now widely used in many
homes

MICROCOMPUTER

11

EXAMPLES OF MICROCOMPUTER

Examples: Desktop computers, video game consoles,
laptop computers, tablet PCs

12


 less expensive and some features of mainframes
will not be available in mini computer

MINICOMPUTER

13

 lower to mainframe computer in terms of speed and
storage capacity

MINICOMPUTER

14


 large and expensive computer capable of supporting
hundreds, or even thousands, of users
simultaneously

MAIN FRAME

15

 often used by large corporate and government data
processing departments

MAIN FRAME

16

3 COMPONENTS OF COMPUTER

hardware, software, peopleware

17

component of computer

 refer to all machinery and equipment in
a computer system.


HARDWARE

18

 devices in the computer that can be seen and touch.

HARDWARE

19

 objects that you can actually touch, like disks, disk
drives, display screens, keyboards, printers, boards,
and chips

HARDWARE

20

types of hardware

INPUT, OUTPUT MEMORY, CPU

21

– is a peripheral device through
which data entered is transformed into machine

Input Device

22

Examples of input device

Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner, Fax Machine,
Pointing Device, USB & etc.

23


 An area of a computer which stores data

Memory

24

type of memory
electronic, fast, volatile,
expensive, holds data currently in use.

RAM

25


 Enables a computer to store, at least
temporarily, data and programs.

Memory

26



 is the temporary memory where the computer read
data for the current processing task.

RAM – Random Access Memory (temporary)

27

 It holds the data that is being manipulated by the
CPU until it is moved to a permanent memory store
such as a disk.

RAM – Random Access Memory (temporary)

28


 the computer can read its contents but cannot write
to the contents of memory.

ROM – Read Only Memory (Permanent)

29

 holds permanent information such as the software
that enables the components in your computer to
communicate with each other. It cannot usually be
deleted or overwritten.

ROM – Read Only Memory (Permanent)

30

TYPE OF HARDWARE
 responsible for performing all of the mathematical
calculations that are required for a computer to
function properly.

CPU

31

TYPE OF HARDWARE
"brains" of a computer.

CPU

32

COMPONENT OF CPU
It controls the flow of the
information

Control Unit.

33

COMPONENT OF CPU
It performs all
mathematical and logical functions.

ALU – Arithmetic Logic Unit.

34

type of hardware
– is a device that receives and/or
displays output from a computer
Ex. Monitor, Printer

OUTPUT DEVICE

35

computer component

 refer to anything that has to do with the role of
people in the development or use of computer
software and hardware systems

. PEOPLEWARE

36

kinds of peopleware

system analysts
computer programmer
user

37


 collection of data

 Programs and data that a computer uses

SOFTWARE

38

 program installed in the computer that tells the
hardware what to do

SOFTWARE

39

conceive, design, and test logical
structures for solving problems by computer.

programmer

40

write, test, debug, and
maintain the detailed instructions, called computer
programs, that computers must follow to perform their
functions.

programmer

41

responsible for researching, planning, coordinating
and recommending software and system choices to
meet an organization's business requirements

system analysts

42

 the one identifies problem and find solution to the
problem and designing the solution.

system analysts

43

Kinds of Software Program

system program
application program

44

Kinds of Software Program
– it helps the computer perform
essential operating tasks.

ex. MS Windows, Visual Basic & etc.

2. Application Program

System Program

45

Kinds of Software Program
– a software that has been
developed to solved a particular problem, perform
useful work and provide entertainment.

ex. Word, excel, powerpoint, & etc.

Application program

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