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Flashcards in FEMALE REPRO Deck (41):
1

– most conspicuous, spreads out on both sides of uterus and attaches to the ovaries and uterine tubes

Broad Ligament

2

2 small organs suspended in the pelvic cavity by ligaments
-covered by a layer of visceral peritoneum

OVARIES –

3

OUTER PART OF OVARIES

dense CT which contain ovarian follicles which contain oocyte

4

inner part of ovaries

: loose CT, with bv, lv, and nerves

5

– extends from each ovary to lateral body wall

o Suspensory ligament

6

attaches ovary to superior margin of uterus

o Ovarian ligament –

7

folds of peritoneum that attach ovaries to the posterior surface of broad ligament
-way by which ovarian arteries, veins, nerves traverse suspensory l and enter ovary

o Mesovarium –

8

- cells from which oocytes develop

*Oogonia

9

associated with each ovary
-extend from area of ovaries to uterus
-open directly into the peritoneal cavity near each ovary and receive the secondary oocyte

UTERINE TUBE OR FALLOPIAN TUBE OR OVIDUCT –

10

– opening of each uterine tube is surrounded by long, thin processes

FIMBRIAE

11

where fertilization occurs, part of the uterine tube near ovary

Ampulla –

12

– fertilized oocyte embeds in the uterine wall

Implantation

13

– medium sized pear
-supported by broad and round ligament

UTERUS

14

– part of uterus superior to the entrance of uterine tubes

o Fundus

15

main part of uterus

o Body –

16

narrower part OF UTERUS

o Cervix –

17

– formed from the uterine cavity and uterine body; lined by mucouss glands

o Cervical canal

18

– outer or serous layer; formed from visceral peritoneum OF UTERINE WALL
o

o Perimetrium

19

– middle or muscular layer; have smooth muscle
-thick, accounts for the bulk of uterine wall

Myometrium

20

– innermost layer
-simple columnar + CT layer
-Spiral glands – simple tubular glans formed by endometrium folds
-superficial part is sloughed off during menstruation

o Endometrium

21

uterus extends inferiorly into vagina

Prolapsed uterus –

22

- female organ of copulation
-receives penis during intercourse
-extends from uterus to outside of body
-superior portion is attached to sides of cervix

VAGINA

23

VAGINA has inner muscular layer to

ncrease in size to accommodate penis and during childbirth

24

– thin mucous membrane covering the vaginal opening in young F
-may completely close vaginal orifice, in which case it must be removed to allow menstrual flow
-perforated by one or several holes
-openings are usually enlarged during the first sexual intercourse
-can be torn/perforated due to variety of activites
-not reliable indicator of virginity

hymen

25

- vestibule + surrounding structures

EXTERNAL FEMALE GENITALIA or VULVA or PUDENDUM

26

– space into which vagina and urethra open
-bordered by labia minora

VESTIBULE

27

thin, longitudinal skin folds
-unite over clitoris to form prepuce

LABIA MINORA –

28

– prominent rounded folds of skin lateral to labia minora
-lateral surface covered with hair
-medial surface has sebaceous and sweat glands

LABIA MAJORA

29

space between labia majora

PUDENDAL CLEFT –

30

– has shaft and distal glans
-like glans penis, well supplied by sensory receptors
-made up of erectile tissue

CLITORIS

31

– produce a lubricating fluid that helps maintain moistness of vestibule

GREATER VESTIBULAR GLANDS

32

– where two labia majora unite
-covered with hair

MONS PUBIS

33

– region between vagina and anus
-can tear during childbirth
-episiotomy prevents such tearing

CLINICAL PERINEUM

34

organs of milk production, located in the breasts
-modified sweat glands
-has a raised nipple surrounded by areola (circular pigmented area) both M and F

MAMMARY GLANDS –

35


permanent enlargement of male breasts
-caused by hormonal imbalances and anabolic steroids abuse

GYNECOMASTIA –

36

– surround alveoli and contract to expel milk from alveoli

• Myoepithelial cells

37

secretory sacs in mammary glands/ breasts

alveoli

38

very sensitive to tactile stimulation and contain smooth muscle
-become erect when it contracts in response to stimuli such as touch, cold, sexual arousal

NIPPLES –

38

Stimulate ovulation and formation of corpus luteum

LH

39

Initiates development of follicles

FSH

40

Following ovulation, inhibit LH and FSH secretion

Estro
Progesto

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