Flashcards in social interactions Deck (39):
Refers to the process by which people act and react in relation to others. Language, gestures, and symbols are used in this process.
Refers to the process whereby people accomplish some aim and is always directed toward specific other people.
framework in SI
- The process by which people interpret and evaluate the social context to select appropriate attitudes and behavior.
DEFINING THE SITUATION
FRAMEWORK IN SI
- The social plans all of us use but seldom admit. All of us have an image of how we want to be seen by others.
The presentation of the self
FRAMEWORK IN SI
A social structure that derives its existence from the social interactions through which people define and redefine its character.
In sociology, ITrefers to a position in social structure; any position that determines where a person “fits” within the society.
the most important component of social interaction. accdg to Macionis
All statuses a certain person holds at a given time.
It is the social position that is received at birth or involuntary assumed later in life.
It is assigned to people w/o effort on their part.
This refers to a social position that is assumed voluntarily and that reflects a significant measure of a personal ability and efforts.
This is attained through the personal efforts of an individual.
Statuses that dominate others and determines a person’s general position within society.
A status that has exceptional importance for a social identify, often shaping a person’s entire life.
the expected behavior, obligations and privileges.
the 2nd major component of social structure
patterns of expected behavior attached to a particular status.
the collection of cultural defined rights, obligations, and expectations that accompany a status in the social system
people observing and interacting w/ other people who are more experienced than themselves and learn how to play their roles.
situation where a single status may have more than one role attached to it. Consider a student for instance, involves one role as a pupil, another as a user of university library, and another as a member of a faculty.
the cultural norms that suggest how a person with a particular status ought to act.
The problems of individuals in meeting or fulfilling their roles.
When people find it hard to perform the role expected of them.
It refers to incompatibility among the roles corresponding to a single status.
One common source of role strain
This occurs when the carrying out of one role is automatically results in the violation of another.
is defined in sociology as the process of disengagement from a role that is central to one's self-identity in order to establish a new role and identity for one's self.
Norms for a specific position are vague, unclear and ill-defined.
A lack of clarity about expected behavior from a job or position.
is a person’s wish or intention to achieve a goal
is the state of affairs one wishes to achieve
it is where the social interaction takes place; makes a differences in what it means
refers to the conditions under which an action takes place
3 Rules on Context
Physical Setting or place
The activities or events surrounding the interaction
comprised mostly of government laws
specific rules of behavior that are agreed upon and shared and prescribed limits of acceptable behavior
We communicate to people by using body language, or also know as kinesics.
non verbal movement
When two or more people happen to be in each other’s presence.
A purposeful interaction between individuals who have particular goals in mind.
any number of people with similar norms, values, and expectation who regularly and consciously interact.
According to other sociologists, it is a set of relationships among people who interact on a face-to-face basis over time
Serves as the direct link between the individuals and the larger society.
Smallest possible group
Composed of 2 individuals
Highly personal and intimate
Composed of 3 persons
The addition of a 3rd member may bring out the possibility of coalition
can suffer the loss of one member but still be in a group
Five areas where the basic needs of the people have to be met:
ordered social relationships that grow out of the values, norms, statuses, and roles that organizes those activities that fulfill society’s fundamental needs.