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1

Challenges of teaching

….to make it fruitful
….to make it enjoyable

2

Teaching approach that is used either in solving a classroom problem or in improving instruction (McClosky)

Teaching Strategy

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A purposefully conceived and determined plan of action designed to facilitate a particular kind of learning (Ober et al, 1971)

Teaching Strategy

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Combination of specific procedures in definite sequence to implement both cognitive and affective objective (Fraenkel, 1973)

Teaching Strategy

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teaching strategy definition according to McClosky

Teaching approach that is used either in solving a classroom problem or in improving instruction

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teaching strategy definition according to Fraenkel

Combination of specific procedures in definite sequence

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teaching strategy definition according to Ober et al

purposefully conceived and determined plan of action

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styles of teaching
Discourse: explains, describes or narrates any subject matter

lecture

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styles of teaching
Guide: massive information on a subject

lecture

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Types of lecture:
B. According to purpose:

1. expository lecture
2. descriptive lecture
3. narrative lecture

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Types of lecture:
A. According to delivery

1. Formal lecture
2. Informal lecture

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Types of lecture:
A. According to delivery
Uninterrupted oral delivery by the lecturer
No questions during delivery
Open forum
Seminars, conventions

formal

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Types of lecture:
A. According to delivery
Conversational lecture
Interrupted by questions, comments
classroom

informal

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Types of lecture:
B. According to purpose:
Explains, clarifies a topic or any subject matter
Requires clearness: exactness
coherence
emphasis

expository

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Types of lecture:
B. According to purpose:
Describes concrete objects, situations, conditions
Objective/subjective

Descriptive Lecture

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Types of lecture:
B. According to purpose:
Narrates events in chronological order
Story telling
History

narrative lecture

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Types of Narrative Lecture:

Story type
Process type

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When lecture method is most appropriate…

Lacking or inadequate references
When lecture is more effective than any devise in a particular situation
Preparing for examination (board exam review)
Needs to cover essential topics in the subject or course

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gen steps in lecture

intro
body
conclusion

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An integrated form of teaching strategy where one discusses a lesson through a related tangible instructional material or equipment

lecture-demonstration: telling-showing technique

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technique Commonly used in the biological, physical, and chemical sciences, technical vocational courses, gardening and agriculture, PE, sports, arts, math

lecture-demonstration: telling-showing technique

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– most commonly used in teaching skills, showing process, defining a problem in concrete terms and conveying information

Demonstration

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Types of lecture demonstration:

Product demonstration
Parts demonstration
Process demonstration

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Types of lecture demonstration:
Showing the quality of a certain product, the advantages of using it, how to use it, and how to acquire it

Product demonstration

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Types of lecture demonstration:
Showing the parts of a whole, their relationships and function

Parts Demonstration

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Showing the sequential steps or procedures in the making or use of something

Process Demonstration

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– very critical in teaching – it stimulates the mind of the listener
Helps the students to be a part of an anticipated active participation
Promotes student-teacher interaction


Questioning

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a type of question which - Guides student thought process in the most skillful and meaningful manner

Framing questions

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Refers to a learning style in which the mentor calls on a student to answer factual or knowledge-based questions that limit the student to one correct response
Graded
Used to generate a highly interpersonal interaction

Recitation

30

4basic Questioning Strategies

Convergent strategy
Divergent strategy
Evaluative strategy
Reflective strategy

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