MTEDUC - Introduction to Learning and Teaching Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MTEDUC - Introduction to Learning and Teaching Deck (51):
1

- American psychologist
- animal behavior and learning process
- modern educational psychology

Edward Lee Thorndike

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Thorndike Major Law of Learning (3)

Law of Readiness
Law of Exercise/Law of Disuse
Law of Effect

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Thorndike Major Law of Learning
- In effect when a learner is ready to learn, to teach him is satisfying and he learns

Law of Readiness

4

Thorndike Major Law of Learning
- constant correct practice makes the learning more perfect and permanent
- anything learned is forgotten if it is not used or practiced

Law of Exercise/Law of Disuse

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Thorndike Major Law of Learning
- when learning is satisfying or pleasurable, the learners tend to attend the learning session

Law of Effect

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Forms of Teaching

Authoritarian
Democratic

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Forms of Teaching
- teacher monopolizes classroom activity, students given minimum participation

Authoritarian

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Forms of Teaching
- teachers provide students maximum participation in teaching-learning process

Democratic

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Tools of Teaching

Material devices
Nonmaterial tools

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Functions of Aims and Objectives in Teaching

Attainment of course of education
Selection of essential desirable subject matter
Selection of desirable student activities
Study of the method to be used and the selection of effective teaching devices
Measuring the effectiveness of the learning and teaching activities

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The acquisition of knowledge of all kinds, abilities, habits, attitudes, values, skills

learning

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Outcomes of Learning:

Cognitive
- knowledge and understanding of facts, ideas, concepts
2. Affective
- attitudes, appreciation
3. Psychomotor
- motor abilities, skills

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Types of Learning:


Cognitive learning
Attitudinal or Affective learning
Psychomotor learning

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Types of Learning:
learning is verbal and ideational

ideational

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Types of Cognitive Learning:

Associative learning
Problem-solving learning

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Types of Cognitive Learning:
-establishing the relationship of words/idea and their meaning

Associative learning

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Types of Cognitive Learning:
- overcome difficulties using knowledge and skills gained in associative learning

Problem-solving learning

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Types of Learning:
- acquire sound moral and spiritual values like honesty, punctuality etc

Types of Affective Learning:


2. Attitudinal or Affective learning

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Types of Affective Learning:
- appreciation of what is good and beautiful and dislike of evil

Aesthetic leaning

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Types of Affective Learning:

Aesthetic leaning
Intellectual learning

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Types of Affective Learning:
- learning is acquired thru reading literary work and other similar activities

b. Intellectual learning

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Types of Learning:
-involves use of muscles in bodily movements

3. Psychomotor learning

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Types of Psychomotor Learning:
Bodily movement coordination
- coordinating the movements of the different parts of the body in order to attain the desired performance of the activity

Bodily movement coordination

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Types of Psychomotor Learning:
- involves the use of hands and feet (in handling gadgets)

b. Manipulative dexterity

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Types of Psychomotor Learning:

Bodily movement coordination
b. Manipulative dexterity

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Other kinds of Learning:

4. Congenital learning
5. Temporary learning
6. Permanent learning-things learned and used in a lifetime
example: language

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Laws of Learning

Primary laws of Learning
Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning

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Primary laws of learning

a. law of instinct
b. law of readiness
c. law of exercise

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Primary law of learning
- tendency of the original nature to respond to certain situations without having to learn to make them

Law of Instinct

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Primary law of learning
- when an individual is ready to act in a certain way, for him to act in that way is satisfying and not annoying

Law of Readiness

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Primary law of learning
- whenever an activity is repeated or experienced, that activity tends to be easier to perform gradually becomes easy to be acquired permanently

Law of Exercise

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Correlatives of the Law of Exercise

Law of Recency – the more recent the activity, the better is the retention
Law of Disuse – any activity that is not given any practice will tend to be forgotten
Law of Primacy – the activity first performed is likely to be remembered

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:

a. the law of trial and success or Multiple Responses
b. law of Mind-set
c. law of Analogy
d. law of Effect
e. law of Gradual Reaction change
f. law of piece-meal influence

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:
- tendency of an individual to make some sort of response whenever he is faced by a new situation. Makes several responses until one of them succeeds

a. Law of Trial and Success/ Multiple Responses

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:
- the condition of an individual’s mind at the time of response is made to a situation:

b. Law of Mind-set

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:
- when individual is confronted by a new situation he reacts to it in the same manner he has reacted to a like situation in the past

c. Law of Analogy

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:
- any tendency acquired or learned when used, accompanied or followed by satisfaction, is strengthened by the virtue of satisfaction

d. Law of Effect

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:

- this is giving of greater emphasis or attention to an element or situation needed in learning process

e. Law of Piece-meal Influence

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2. Secondary or Subsidiary Laws of Learning:

- a complex situation cannot evoke a successful response at first. One should start with something simple and gradually work up to the more complex until mastery is attained

f. Law of Gradual-reaction change

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Contributing factors to the mindset

Attitudes
Disposition
Instinct
Adjustment

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Nature of teachig

Direction of learning, knowledge, values, attitudes and skills

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Medium of teaching

Learning materials
Situations
Experiences
Activities

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In effect, when a learner is ready to learn, to teach him is ---- and he ----
Ex

Sarisfying
Learns
Losing weigt

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A. When someone is ready to perform some act, to do so is ____
Give example

Satisfying
Quiz

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When someone is ready to perform an act, not to do so is ___

Annoying
Postponed quiz

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When someone is not ready to perform an act and is ---- to do so, is ----
Example

Forced
Annoying

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Law of exercise
Constang correct practice makes the learning more ----- and -----

Perfect and permanent

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Example of the law of exercise

Blood extraction

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Law of disuse
Anything learned is ---- if not used or practiced
Example

Forgotten
Learning how to ride a bike

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Connection bet stimulus and response are strengthened asthey are used

Law of Use

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Advantages and disadvantages of students speaking their minds often

Open communication
Loss of respect

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